This study provides an overview of the mainstream approaches to capacity development in Cambodia, identifying the critical factors determining effectiveness of capacity development efforts. It also highlights ‘good practices’ and provides recommendations for the future. The study also includes three good practice case studies, including one that focuses on gender equality issues.
Country Research Studies on Local Capacity Development
These country research studies have been commissioned under the UNDP and SNV regional initiative. Research was conducted in six countries in the region to review and analyze broad trends in capacity development at the local level – how it is viewed, how it is approached, and what costs, time and money are being dedicated to it.
A key objective of these studies is therefore to provide data toward establishing a baseline of current investments in local capacity development in the region. This baseline will allow for assessing change over time; it will also guide efforts to advocate strategically with governments and donors for more, and better targeted, investments in capacity development at the local level.
Cambodia: Local Capacity Development: Investments for MDG Achievements
Indonesia: Assessing Gender Responsive Local Capacity Development
This study presents important research on the Indonesian experience of gender responsive capacity development at the local level. While sub-national governments in Indonesia are increasingly responsible for delivering a wide range of basic services to local communities, many lack the capacities to meet all the requirements of their roles and functions. This report makes clear why it is important to adopt a systematic approach to identifying, assessing and rectifying these capacity gaps in Indonesia. It also provides some important insights into the kinds of gender responsive capacity development programs that have been initiated in Indonesia as well assessing which of these have worked and why.
Nepal: Local Capacity Development: Investments for MDG Localization
Given that limited research has been carried out in Nepal regarding local capacity development, exploring its current status is considered essential for the identification of issues and opportunities. This research study considers the local capacity development challenge as it relates to local needs-based decision making at the sub-national level; resources needed to meet the financial gaps for local capacity development; and improving the effectiveness and accountability of interventions made by various development partners in Nepal.
Pakistan: Local Capacity Development: Investments for MDG Localization
The focus of the research was on what is being done in the public sector, by donors and by civil society to promote local capacity in Pakistan. Although the research attempts to gather key ‘facts and figures’, e.g. levels of investment in capacity development, the main focus was on issues and concepts in promotion of local capacity development in Pakistan. These included identifying approaches taken by different stakeholders, assessing what is working and what is not, identifying the main challenges and problems faced, highlighting examples of good/innovative practice, and based on all these, making recommendations for improvement.
Philippines: Local Capacity Development: Investments for MDG Localization
The connection between capacity development at the sub-national level and attainment of the Millennium Development Goals is gaining recognition and acceptance. However, there is a need to document actual experiences of developing countries in mobilizing dedicated investments for local level capacity development as a prerequisite for achieving the MDGs. Hence, the need to gather evidence in Asia, the Philippines included. This study reviews and analyzes emerging approaches, strategies and experiences of investing in local government capacity development in the Philippines; and makes recommendations for improving local capacity development initiatives by government, donors and civil society.
Viet Nam: Local Capacity Development Investments for MDG Localization
In order to maintain economic growth and successfully enter into a new phase of development, Vietnam will have to strengthen its institutional and human resource base. Capacity development, especially at local (provincial, district and commune) levels, will be the key to achieving this objective. This study discusses the trends and structure of government investments in capacity development, as well as relevant policy issues. It also reviews the current status of local CD investments by the main international donors and development organizations in Vietnam. In addition, it considers important gender dimensions of CD initiatives.